Cerebral palsy (CP) is a group of motor problems and physical disorders related to a brain injury. CP causes uncontrolled reflex movements and muscle tightness (spasticity) that may affect a part, a side, or the entire body, with varying severity. Several conditions, such as mental retardation, seizures, or vision and hearing problems, are often also associated with cerebral palsy.

Cerebral palsy is caused by a brain injury or problem that occurs during fetal growth, birth, or within the first 2 to 3 years of life. CP can result from:

  • Complications related to prematurity.
  • Being deprived of blood, oxygen, or other nutrients before or during birth.
  • A serious head injury.
  • Developing a serious infection that can affect the brain, such as meningitis.
  • Some conditions that are passed from parent to child (genetic conditions) that are linked to abnormal brain development.

Source: Web MD